Statistics in Peru

It has been calculated that in the case of Peru, the equivalent of 38% of gross domestic product and 60 % of man-hours worked take place in the informal sector. This draws two conclusions.

1) Informality is socially and economically significant; If 60 % of man-hours are in the informal sector, the government only controls 4 out of 10 hours worked. Therefore, the majority of Peruvians work outside the law.

2) Informal activities have very low productivity. The people who work in the informal economy cannot insure themselves against risk; they cannot go to a court of justice to enforce their contracts; and they cannot acquire secure property rights.


  • Over 400,000 people in Lima are directly supported by the commercial black market.
  • The informal economy has invested more than $1 billion in transportation.
  • Half the population of Lima lives in houses constructed by the informal economy, which between 1960 and 1984, spent $8.3 billion on housing, while the government spent only $173 million


Informal activities in Latin America

1950: occupied 30% of the economically active population

1980: grown to 50%

1990: over 50% of the population live off these informal sector activities in countries such as Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, and Peru.


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